Giant African Land Snail Overview
Scientific Name: Achatina fulica
• Origin: East Africa
• Ease of Care: Beginner
• Potential Adult Size: Up to 15cm
• Life Span: Up to 10 years
• Behaviour: Nocturnal
• Diet: Detritivore / Herbivore
• Handling: Beginner
• Humidity: 70-90%
Provide a source of calcium such as eggshell or cuttlefish bone, Do not give your Giant African Land Snail any citrus fruits, the acidity can cause health issues. Provide a shallow but sturdy water bowl. Add a deep layer of substrate to their enclosure.
Basic Equipment Needed
Housing: Terrarium Terrestrial set up
Heating: Not needed however you may need a heat mat attached to the outside
Lighting: LED, Substrate: HabiStat Jungle Bio, Sphagnum Moss, Arcadia EarthMix
Water: A light spray every few days.
Giant African Land Snails do not require an additional heat source, room temperature is sufficient.
• Background Temp: 20-25°C (68-77°F)
• HOT Spot: Not Needed
• Night-Time Temp: 18⁰C -25⁰C (64⁰F-77⁰F)
The Giant African Land Snail is a nocturnal species and requires a suitable light gradient in their terrarium to simulate a day/night light cycle. The Arcadia JungleDawn LED Bar provides a day/night cycle of illumination and aids with plant growth. Ensure that lighting is fitted correctly and
within the manufacturers recommended distances.
Substrate and Decoration
Personal choice will dictate how you decorate your enclosure, but we recommend the following as examples:
– HabiStat Jungle Bio, Sphagnum Moss, Arcadia EarthMix
– Cork bark
– Leaf litter
Diet & Water
The Giant African Land Snail has a varied diet. They feed on plants, leaves, non-citrus fruit, vegetables/salad, and decaying matter. Make sure to provide a shallow yet sturdy water dish for the Snail to hydrate if needed. The Tortoise Pool is an ideal easy access option. To help keep the species hydrated and maintain humidity, mist the terrarium surface as required.
Giant African Land Snail’s need additional supplementation in the form of a calcium and multi-vitamin powder and Calcium Mg. Please follow the packaging instructions
Giant African Land Snails’ lay an average of 200 eggs every 12 weeks. If your Giant African Land Snail produces eggs that you can’t or do not want to keep, make sure to dispose of them safely. The best way to do this is placing the eggs in a secure tub and freezing them as soon as possible. Once frozen for 48 hours they can then be put into your general waste or
compost bin. Avoid adding artificial plants to your enclosure, your snail will try and eat them
Health & Hygiene
We recommend the following cleaning routine to keep your African Land Snail healthy and happy.
Water should be changed each day, with their enclosure being spot cleaned. Check the vents on enclosures are not blocked and allow air to pass through freely.
Once a week you should Disinfect the water bowl or dish, agitate the substrate to prevent any bacterial build up and to allow any dirty bedding to be removed. Wipe down the glass and walls with a reptile safe disinfectant.
On a monthly basis take out old substrate or half and replace with new substrate. Wipe down inside the enclosure and disinfect decor with a reptile safe disinfectant.
Always wash your hands, surfaces and equipment with warm water and disinfectant immediately before and after handling or feeding your Snail, their food, enclosure and any other equipment.
The Five Animal Welfare Needs
The Animal Welfare Act 2006 means all pet owners have a legal duty of care to their pets. Anyone who is cruel to an animal or is found not to be providing the five animal welfare needs, as listed below, can be fined and sent to prison.
Environment: Pets should be given the correct housing according to its size, this includes shelter, space to exercise.
Diet: Pets should be offered the correct type and volume of food to cover all their nutritional needs alongside access to clean, fresh water and a secure, comfortable place to rest.
Behaviour: All pets should be allowed to exhibit normal behaviour patterns and should be provided with the facilities to do so.
Health: All animals should be protected from pain, suffering, injury and disease, and given veterinary treatment if they become sick or injured.
Company: Some animals require the company of their own kind, whilst others should be kept on their own.