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Leopard Gecko Overview

Scientific Name: Eublepharis macularius
Country of Origin: South Asia
Ease of Care: Beginner
Potential Adult Size: 7 to 10 inches
Life Span: Upwards of 20 years
Diet: Insects
Behaviour: Crepuscular
Humidity: 60% to 80%
Handling: Beginner

Top Tips

A Vivarium is best suited for this species. Vary the food items you offer to your Leopard Gecko to keep it stimulated. Use a sand scoop to make spot cleaning easier. A moist hide should always be provided.

Housing 

A leopard gecko should be kept in an enclosure that is a minimum 36 x 24 24 inches. Although this is a minimum size if you can provide a bigger enclosure this will benefit the gecko. 

Basic Equipment Needed

Housing: Vivarium Terrestrial setup
Heating: Heat Bulb
Lighting: UV Tube (Light Cycle: 12 hours of light)
Substrate: A natural sand based bedding, moss for a moist hide (3 hides minimum) 
Water: Water bowl

Heating

Leopard Gecko’s are a crepuscular species and require a suitable light and heat gradient in the enclosure to simulate a complete 24-hour period.
– Background Temp: 20⁰C-25⁰C (68⁰F-77⁰F)
– HOT Spot: 30-32⁰C (86-90⁰F)
– Night-Time Temp: 18⁰C-23⁰C (68⁰F-74⁰F)
Provide a warmer/hot area towards the one side of the enclosure, using an overhead heat source to offer a heat gradient. Use an Ceramic with a Heat Bulb running through a High Range Dimming Thermostat . Dimming thermostats are designed to regulate temperatures using a thermostat probe (also known as a sensor). Correct placement of the probe is critical
to avoid overheating and injury to the Leopard Gecko. If overnight temperatures are dropping below the recommended, using a Heat Mat on the outside rear of the running in conjunction with a Mat Stat should be used during this period. Check temperatures regularly, using a reliable dual thermometer and hygrometer to ensure that there are no extreme fluctuations. 

Lighting

Use a UVB light such as Arcadia Pro T5 ShadeDweller UVB Kit, 7% fitted to the inside roof of the vivarium. Ensure that it is fitted correctly and within the manufactures recommended distances.

Substrates and Decoration
Personal choice will dictate how you decorate your enclosure, but we recommend the following as a guide:
– Leopard Geckos can be housed on a appropriate bedding. 
– Wood/branches for climbing, hiding, and sleeping on.
– Live or artificial plant decoration will provide darker areas for the Leopard Gecko to sleep and hide under.
– A suitably sized water bowl must be provided in the cool end of the enclosure.
– The use of a moist hide in the middle or cool end of the enclosure is essential.

Diet & Water

Hatchlings through to adults should be offered appropriately sized insects. As a rule, the distance between the Leopard Gecko’s eyes will give you the
approximate width of live food to feed your lizard. Make sure fresh water is always available for the Leopard Gecko to drink via a small bowl in the
cooler end of the enclosure. 

Supplementation

Leopard Geckos need additional supplementation in the form of a calcium and multi-vitamin powder and Calcium Mg, Please follow the packaging
instructions. 

Additional Information

A young Leopard Gecko may sometimes make a squealing noise – this is a defensive behaviour and normally means they are unhappy about something. When a Leopard Gecko sheds, the process will begin by the Leopard Gecko rubbing its face against an object in the enclosure to loosen the skin around its face. Once this has been achieved, the Leopard Gecko will take the loose skin in its mouth and begin to eat the skin as it sheds. They will normally shed their skin in one piece and eat it all. It is worth checking the Leopard Gecko’s toes to ensure that all the old skin has shed properly, as if there is any left, it can cause problems by constricting the blood supply to the toes. If a Leopard Gecko feels threatened or in extreme danger, it can shed (drop) its tail; this process is known as autotomy.

We recommend the following cleaning routine to keep your Leopard Gecko healthy and happy. A geckos waters should be changed daily and the enclosure should be spot cleaned, the vents on the enclosure should be checked to ensure they are not blocked and allow air to pass through freely. 

Once a week you should disinfect water bowls, agitate substrate to prevent any bacterial build up and remove any dirty bedding. Wipe down glass and walls with a reptile safe disinfectant. 

Once a month half or all of the substrate should be removed and replaced with new substarte, wiping down the inside of your enclosure and disinfect decor with a reptile safe disinfectant.

Always wash your hands, surfaces and equipment with warm water and disinfectant immediately before and after handling or feeding your Leopard Gecko, their food, enclosure and any other equipment.

The Five Animal Welfare Needs

The Animal Welfare Act 2006 means all pet owners have a legal duty of care to their pets. Anyone who is cruel to an animal or is found not to be providing the five animal welfare needs, as listed below, can be fined and sent to prison.

Environment: Pets should be given the correct housing according to its size, this includes shelter, space to exercise. 

Diet: Pets should be offered the correct type and volume of food to cover all their nutritional needs alongside access to clean, fresh water and a secure, comfortable place to rest.

Behaviour: All pets should be allowed to exhibit normal behaviour patterns and should be provided with the facilities to do so.

Health: All animals should be protected from pain, suffering, injury and disease, and given veterinary treatment if they become sick or injured.

Company: Some animals require the company of their own kind, whilst others should be kept on their own.